mn GB

International Cooperation

Mongolia has become a member of the Customs Cooperation Council in 1991 upon acceding the Convention on Establishing the Customs Cooperation Council of 1952. The Customs Cooperation Council was later named the World Customs Organization (WCO) in 1994 and currently it has become a reputable international and intergovernmental organization that joined 181 member countries.

Upon becoming a WCO member country, Mongolia acceded into the following pillar conventions of the WCO: The Convention on Harmonized Commodity Description System of 1993, Istanbul Convention on Temporary Admission of 2002 and the Kyoto Convention on Simplifying and Harmonizing Customs Procedures of 2006.

The Customs General Administration has had a close cooperative relations with the WCO and other international organizations such as the UN and WTO. Additionally, upon transitioning into the market economy, Mongolian Customs has jointly implemented project and programs to carry out the relevant changes in the organization in close collaboration with EU Customs and countries in the Asia Pacific.

The Customs General Administration is also working on strengthening the bilateral cooperation with the customs organizations of other countries, to learn from their best practice, to train human resources and to jointly organize trainings and seminars. As of this day, we have signed intergovernmental agreements and memorandum of understand on “Cooperation on Customs Matters and Mutual Assistance” with Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, Hungary, Republic of Korea, USA, UK, Kazakhstan, Bulgaria, Czech, Turkey, Ukraine, Kyrgyz, India, Vietnam, Nepal and Belarus.

During this time Mongolian Customs has been actively participating in the WCO council sessions, Regional NCP meetings, RILO meetings and ADB’s CAREC program seminars.

In an aim to create an enabling trade environment for international traders through the development and advancement of the customs procedures in alignment with the recommendations and documents developed by the WCO, the relevant conventions were translated into Mongolian and researches were conducted in preparation for draft proposals to be reviewed by the Parliament upon being discussed in the Cabinet meeting. The Revised Kyoto Convention of Simplifying and Harmonizing Customs Procedures was also translated along with all its annexes and was distributed for the purpose of knowledge sharing with customs officers.

The main responsibilities of the International Cooperation Division are as follows:

Developing and strengthening the international relations and cooperation of the customs organization in relation to the customs policy, priority, and strategy.

The building blocks of the activities are as follows:

Determining the directions for cooperation on customs matters with the WCO, other international organizations and customs organizations of other countries and developing international relations and strengthening bilateral and multilateral relations through activities that satisfy mutual interests;

Carrying out activities that improve the customs operations in accordance with the international standards and in alignment with the conventions, standards, recommendations and methodologies developed by the World Customs Organization;

Researching advanced technologies and methodologies used internationally, to develop proposals and recommendations, and to organize activities to introduce and adopt them in customs operations;

Seeking technical assistance from foreign countries and international organizations in implementing projects and program in customs organization;

Liaising with the WCO, its member countries, international organizations and diplomatic mission offices on behalf of the Mongolian Customs;

Ensuring implementation of the international conventions regarding customs matters and intergovernmental agreements;

Organizing activities to develop proposals to accede international conventions, to develop intergovernmental agreements, and to implement the proposals upon approval; and

Coordinating and organizing official overseas missions of Mongolian Customs delegates, participations in international forums, seminars, symposium and trainings, and the visits by experts and foreign delegations at the invitation of Mongolian Customs.

Customs-related international conventions


Date and place of development

Date of entry into force

Official names of the International conventions

Date of approval

Date of entry into force by Mongolia


December 15, 1950, Brussels
November 04, 1952

Convention Establishing a Customs Co-operation Council

 May 1991

September 17, 1991


June 14, 1983, Brussels
January 01, 1988

International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System

 September 30, 1991 (WCO)

January 01, 1993


May 18, 1973, Kyoto
September 25, 1974

International Convention on Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures



- June 26, 1999, Brussels

Protocol of Amendment to the
International Convention on Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures



June 26, 1990, Istanbul
November 27, 1993

 Convention on Temporary Admission

December 05, 2002

September 05, 2003


June 09, 1977, Nairobi
May 21, 1980

International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences



April 15, 1994, Marrakesh

Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the GATT 1994


 January 29, 1997


April 15, 1994, Marrakesh

Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the GATT 1994


  January 29, 1997


April 15, 1994, Marrakesh

Agreement on Rules of Origin


  January 29, 1997


April 15, 1994, Marrakesh

Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights


  January 29, 1997


- March 03, 1973, Washington  - July 1975

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora




- November 14, 1975, Geneva - 1978

Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets

 November 10, 2001 (Parliament)

August 08, 2002 (President)

October 02, 2002(IRU )

April 01, 2003


- 1961, New York
December 13, 1964

The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

December 07, 1990



February 20, 1971, Vienna

 Convention on Psychotropic Substances

April 22, 1999



December 19, 1988, Vienna

The UN Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances

 January 25, 2001



February 05, 1967, Vienna

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

 November 24, 1966 (Parliament)1967-01-05(UN)

February 05, 1967


- 1980, Vienna

- January 01, 1988

The UN Convention on International Sales of Goods



July 07, 1993, Arusha

 Declaration on Customs Integrity



- December 2013, Bali

- February 22, 2017

The WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation

November 24, 2016

February 22, 2017